Importance of vaccine
Vaccines can be defined as the fortified chemical solutions which are effective at preventing diseases in the human body. The solution is made of the virus itself in which the virulent portion is detached so that it acts the protective agent when that particular virus enters the body. Moreover, this particular chemical solution remembers that particular organism so when the same organism attacks the body for the second time, the response against it is far more intense and fast. Thus with the help of vaccination, we can stop a particular disease for the lifetime. Recently the pregnant mothers are also given the certain vaccines for their well-being of also for their baby.
Types of vaccine recommended in pregnancy condition
Vaccines being the best method for stopping the particular infection are mainly of two types. They are the
- Live Attenuated Vaccine
- Inactivated Vaccines
There are other subtypes also like the toxoids, subunit vaccines, conjugate vaccines, Recombinant DNA vaccine etc. For the pregnant mothers, the best-used vaccine is the inactivated vaccine. Live attenuated ones are not at all recommended because of its side effects. The live one if have some defect in their preparation are potent enough to perform all the characteristics of that particular virus or the bacteria from which it has been made. So the health of the mother and the baby will definitely get compromised. Inactivated vaccines with it virulence factor removed is the best option in pregnancy condition.
Vaccines most used during pregnancy
Maternal vaccination safe in pregnancy are:
- Influenza Vaccine– Influenza is one of the common problems for every individual to be the normal human beings or the expected moms. It occurs due to the virus Haemophilus influenzae. It results in common cold and flu. So vaccine against influenza will definitely help the mother and also the child to stay away from infections. It can be administered at any stage of the pregnancy.
- Rubella vaccine– Rubella can cause very serious birth defects in a pregnant condition. The result can be as unfortunate as death in the womb and life-long carrier of rubella. So taking the vaccine before getting pregnant is a very sensible decision.
- Hepatitis B vaccine– Hepatitis B is another common disease if it happens in the pregnant condition can pass through the placenta to the baby. The disease is contagious and will surely cause a series of health problems in the baby.
Other vaccines for a whooping cough, chicken pox can also be given to a pregnant mother.
Effect of vaccination during pregnancy
Vaccines usually have a little bit of side effect upon administering in the woman’s body in pregnant condition. However, the effects are very much mild and it goes away very quickly. The side effects involve:
- Swelling and Redness
- Muscle pain
- Pain and Redness in the region of the application
Importance of Booster Dose
Vaccines safe in Pregnancy helps to protect both the baby and the mother. However, after the birth of the baby, it is recommended to give booster doses of the same vaccine to the babies, which will confirm lifelong protection against particular viruses and bacteria.