As a lady it is suggested that pap a test pregnancy is suggested if you are above 21 years of age or within 3 years of becoming sexually active. They are tests not to diagnose anything, but a form of screening test to figure out any abnormal cells in the cervix. If you get Pap smear in early pregnancy the chances of figuring out the exact cause and then a plan of treatment could be advocated as well.
It would be obvious that the worry signs would be high the moment you are told that the pap smears works out to be abnormal. It could point to abnormal cells or any form of infection as well. At the same time it is really important to figure out that the presence of abnormal cells does not point to any cancer. It does point to the fact whether an additional round of testing may be needed to get down to the basis of the problem.
The positive test would point to the occurrence of cancer cells. In medical terms this goes by the name of an abnormal pap. Once again be aware of the fact that this is not a diagnosis but a mere test. If the results turn out to be positive, in no way it means that you are suffering from cancer. It does point to the fact that another round of evaluation may be needed. Here you go on to do colposcopy where with a microscope you do observe on to the cervix. The other procedure works out to be biopsy where a small tissue is taken and would be further subject to tests under a lab. Then the doctor is going to discuss the test results with you.
At the same time 1 out of 10 tests would point to some degree of abnormality. There would be further round of testing to confirm whether you are suffering from any bout of inflammation or infection at the same time. The main cause of cervical cancer happens to be the HPV virus. Most women who do go on to receive treatment for HPV virus do not suffer from cervical cancer.
In the year 2003, the FDA developed a test that could be done along with a Pap smear test to figure out whether you do have the HPV virus. With this type of test you can figure out the occurrence of high levels of HPV before you do go on to come across any sort of abnormal cells on the cervix. This type of screening should be a routine affair for women who are above the age of 30 years as the chances of HPV infection turning to pre cancer cells are all the more. How frequency the tests needs to be done would be as per the advice of the doctor.
There are some samples of pap smears that might provide you with an unsatisfactory sample. This could be due to the use of vaginal creams or vouches as well.